Hypothyroidism and Pregnancy
Facts about hypothyroidism and pregnancy
Hypothyroidism may be a condition that’s caused by an underactive thyroid gland. it’s going to happen during pregnancy. Many symptoms of the condition are almost like pregnancy symptoms. for instance, they will both cause fatigue, weight gain, and changes in menstruation. Having low thyroid hormone levels also can cause problems with becoming pregnant. It also can be an explanation for miscarriage.
What are the symptoms of hypothyroidism?
Hypothyroidism may be a common condition. It can go undetected if symptoms are mild. The thyroid doesn’t make enough thyroid hormones. Symptoms could also be mild and should start slowly. the foremost common symptoms include:
Inability to stand cold temperatures
Swelling of the face
Dry skin and loss of eyebrows
Carpal tunnel syndrome (hand tingling or pain)
Slow pulse rate
Shortness of breath with activity
Muscle cramps, weakness, joint pain
Irregular menstrual periods
The symptoms could also be like other health problems. Talk together with your healthcare provider for a diagnosis.
How does hypothyroidism affect the baby within the womb?
During the first few months of pregnancy period, the baby relies on the mother for thyroid hormones. These hormones are vital for the normal brain development and growth of the baby. Hypothyroidism within the mother can have long-lasting effects on the baby.
How is thyroid function tested?
You will have thyroid function tests that measure thyroid hormone (thyroxine, or T4) and serum TSH (thyroid-stimulating hormone) levels. TSH levels that are above normal and T4 levels that are below normal may mean you’ve got hypothyroidism.
Who should have thyroid function testing?
Routine screening for hypothyroidism during pregnancy isn’t advised. A pregnant with symptoms of hypothyroidism, a history of the condition, or other endocrine system conditions should be tested.
How is hypothyroidism treated during pregnancy?
Hormone replacement is used to treat the mother. the amount of thyroid hormone given is predicated on the mother’s levels of thyroid hormones also as her symptoms. thyroid hormone levels may change during pregnancy. The thyroid hormone replacement dose will likely change over time. thyroid hormone levels got to be checked every 4 weeks within half of pregnancy. the amount could also be checked less often during the last half of pregnancy as long because the dose doesn’t change. The treatment is a safe and vital sign to both mother and baby. Thyroid hormones shouldn’t be taken at an equivalent time as prenatal vitamins. this is often because the minerals within the vitamins may stop the absorption of the thyroid hormone. All newborns are screened at birth to see thyroid hormone levels.