Morning Sickness

Morning Sickness

Morning sickness may be a common symptom of early pregnancy and, in many cases, goes away by the end of the first 3 months. it’s caused by changes in hormones during pregnancy and should make eating difficult.

Although it’s called ‘morning sickness’, nausea (with or without vomiting) can happen at any time of the day.

Morning sickness doesn’t usually cause any problems for the unborn baby. However, if a pregnant woman experiences severe and ongoing vomiting, it’s important to contact a doctor.

Some food and eating suggestions that will help manage symptoms of morning sickness or nausea include:

 Eat smaller meals more often. Missing meals can make nausea worse.

 Avoid large drinks. Have frequent small drinks between meals.

 Limit fatty, spicy, and fried foods.

 Be aware food features a stronger odor or smell when it’s heated, which can make nausea worse. If possible, have other people help with cooking, or prepare your food sometimes of the day once you feel better.

 Try eating a dry parle biscuit before you get out of bed in the morning.

 Eating a healthy snack before you attend bed in the dark. This might include fruit, crackers with hard cheese, or yogurt.

 Try ginger tablets, dry ginger pop, peppermint tea, or ginger tea (put 3 or 4 slices of fresh ginger in hot water for five minutes).

 Avoid foods if their taste, smell, or appearance causes you to feel sick.

If vomiting, it’s important to drink enough fluids. it’s going to be easier to have many small drinks than to try to and drink a large amount in one go. Try a variety of fluids like water, fruit juice, lemonade, and clear soups. Sometimes it is often helpful to undertake crushed ice, slushies, ice blocks, or maybe suck on frozen fruit like grapes or orange segments.

Note: The stomach acids in vomiting can soften teeth enamel. it’s best to not use a toothbrush to wash the teeth straight after vomiting as this might damage them. Have a drink of water to wash your mouth.

Don’t take medicines of any kind to treat your morning sickness, unless your doctor knows you’re pregnant and has prescribed specific medications.

If you’re unable to require fluids or feel weak, dizzy, or unwell, you’ll be affected by dehydration and you ought to seek medical attention urgently.


Morning sickness usually starts to get better after three to 4 months of pregnancy. However, some women still experience nausea for an extended period. About one woman in 10 continues to feel sick after week 20 of their pregnancy. morning sickness is usually considered to be a minor inconvenience of pregnancy, but it can have a big, adverse effect on an expectant mother’s day-to-day activities and quality of life. It can often be treated by making dietary changes and taking much rest. The support of family and friends also can make nausea more manageable. in additional severe cases, there are medicines that will be used.

What causes morning sickness?

The exact explanation for morning sickness is unknown. However, a variety of various causes are suggested, including:

Increased estrogen levels — changes in levels of the female sex hormone estrogen during the early stages of pregnancy may cause short-term nausea and vomiting.

Increased human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) levels — a hormone the body begins to supply after conception.

Nutritional deficiency — a lack of vitamin B6 within the diet is assumed to be another possible cause.

Gastric problems — progesterone may be a hormone that helps prepare the womb for pregnancy and protects the womb lining. As progesterone production increases this might affect the tone within the lower esophagus affecting the valve into the stomach causing nausea.

Risk factors

A number of various factors are related to an increased risk of developing morning sickness. These include:

 previous pregnancy with nausea and vomiting

 female fetus

 family history of nausea

 history of kinetosis or history of nausea while using contraceptives that contain estrogen

 young maternal age

 obesity

 stress

 multiple pregnancies, like twins or triplets

 first pregnancy

An enlarged placenta is additionally a known risk factor for morning sickness. The placenta is that the organ that attaches the mother to her unborn baby and provides the baby with food and oxygen.

The placenta can become enlarged in multiple pregnancies, like twins or triplets, or during a molar pregnancy, where the fertilization of the egg goes wrong and results in abnormal growth of cells inside the womb.

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