Author Archives: Dr. Anand Dhingra

What are some common complications during labor?

What are some common complications during labor?

Each pregnancy and labor is different, and problems may arise.

If difficulties occur, providers can assist by monitoring the situation closely and intervening, as necessary.

Some of the more common complications are:

Labor that doesn’t progress

Sometimes contractions weaken, the cervix doesn’t dilate enough or during a timely manner, or the infant’s descent within the birth canal doesn’t proceed smoothly. If labor isn’t progressing, a health care provider may give the lady medications to extend contractions and speed up labor, or the lady may have a cesarean delivery.

Perineal tears

A woman’s vagina and therefore the surrounding tissues are likely to tear during the delivery process. Sometimes these tears heal on their own. If a tear is more serious or the lady has had an episiotomy (a surgical cut between the vagina and anus), her provider will help repair the tear using stitches.

Problems with the umbilical cord

The umbilical cord may get caught on an arm or leg because the infant travels through the birth canal. Typically, a provider intervenes if the cord becomes wrapped around the infant’s neck, is compressed, or comes out before the infant.

The abnormal pulse of the baby

Repeatedly, an abnormal heart rate during labor doesn’t mean that there’s a problem. A health care provider will likely ask the lady to modify positions to help the infant get more blood flow. In certain instances, like when test results show a bigger problem, the delivery may need to happen directly. during this situation, the lady is more likely to wish for an emergency cesarean delivery or the health care provider may have to do an episiotomy to widen the vaginal opening for delivery.

Water breaking early

Labor usually starts on its own within 24 hours of the female’s water breaking. If not, and if the pregnancy is at or near term, the provider will likely induce labor. If a pregnant woman’s water breaks before 34 weeks of pregnancy, the lady is going to be monitored within the hospital. Infection can become a serious concern if the woman’s water breaks early and labor doesn’t begin on its own.

Perinatal asphyxia

This condition occurs when the fetus doesn’t get enough oxygen within the uterus or the infant doesn’t get enough oxygen during labor or delivery or simply after birth.
Shoulder dystocia. during this situation, the infant’s head has begun of the vagina, but one among the shoulders becomes stuck.

Excessive bleeding

If delivery leads to tears to the uterus, or if the uterus doesn’t contract to deliver the placenta, heavy bleeding may result. Worldwide, such bleeding may be a leading explanation for maternal death.9 NICHD has supported studies to research the utilization of misoprostol to reduce bleeding, especially in resource-poor settings.

Delivery can also require a provider’s special attention when the pregnancy lasts quite 42 weeks, when the lady had a C-section during a previous pregnancy, or when she is older than a certain age.

Common Discomforts during Pregnancy

Common Discomforts during Pregnancy

Pregnancy is a very exciting time, but it’s not always comfortable. While you’re expecting, hormone changes and a growing uterus can cause a variety of symptoms. For some, pregnancy may be a breeze with only a couple of , mild complaints. But, for others with more severe symptoms, it are often a long, difficult nine months.

Nausea and Vomiting

Nausea and vomiting are among the most common pregnancy complaints, especially during the first three months. Doctors aren’t exactly sure why pregnancy causes nausea and vomiting, but they believe it’s to do with the increase in pregnancy hormones.

Morning sickness can range from a touch queasiness when your stomach is empty to more severe nausea and vomiting. It’s more likely to occur within the morning but can happen at any time of the day. While it always goes away early within the second trimester by about 14 weeks, it sometimes lasts throughout an entire pregnancy. And, it’s going to be worse if you’re carrying twins.

To combat nausea and vomiting, you can:

 Keep crackers or a snack by your bed and have a touch bite to eat before you get up for the day.

 Sitting in bed for a few moments before you get out of bed.

 Take some time once you get up and out of bed within the morning.

 Eat short meals more frequently throughout the day, so your stomach isn’t empty.

 Carry snacks with you, and do not go without food for long periods.

 Eat protein-rich, low-fat, nutritious meals to help with nausea.

 Eat bland foods that are easy to digest, like dry toast, crackers, bananas, rice, apples.

 Try to stay away from the smells and tastes that make you feel queasy.

 Drink many glasses of water to replace what you’re losing through vomiting.

 Wear motion sickness bands on your wrists.

 Get enough rest.

 Talk to your gynecologist before taking any medication, even over-the-counter medicine.

 Call the doctor if you can’t keep anything down otherwise you are getting dehydrated

Breast Tenderness

Early in pregnancy, your breasts will already be preparing to make milk for your baby. pregnancy hormone changes similar to those just before a period can cause sore, tender breasts. Breast changes are usually by the sixth to eighth week of pregnancy. Some women see only mild changes, except for others, the breasts can grow very large in size and weight. The breasts may still grow throughout your pregnancy, but the tenderness usually subsides by the fourth month.

When breasts are full and sore, you can:

 Choose a proper bra that will support your growing breasts and hold up the additional weight.

 Wear a loose and comfortable bra to bed for support during sleep.

 Wear a supportive sports bra during exercise.

 Choose loose-fitting clothes that don’t put pressure on your breasts.

 Try warm or cold compresses to ease soreness.

 Ask your doctor about safe pain relief if you would like it.


If you are feeling tired and with a nap, you are not alone. Your body is working hard, and you are going through physical and emotional changes as your baby develops and you steel yourself against motherhood. While some women have more energy during pregnancy, it is more common to feel exhausted.

To fight the fatigue, you can:

 Try to get some rest. Allow yourself to take some extra time to take a seat together with your feet up or grab a nap if you’ll, and check out to travel to bed early.

 Ask for help… you’ll ask your partner to form dinner while you rest or a loved one to help out with other children.

 Limit social activities. If you cannot make it to each social affair, your friends, family, and associates will understand. it isn’t forever. When you are feeling less tired, and you’ll tolerate more activities, your social group will still be there to welcome you back with open arms.

 Get some exercise. Gynecologists recommend light to moderate physical activity during a healthy pregnancy. Staying active can assist you to have more energy.

 Eat well. Poor eating habits can prevent you from getting the nutrition you would like during pregnancy. If you are not getting enough iron or protein, it can sap your energy.

 try to eat well-balanced meals with healthy snacks to get enough nutrients to stay your body healthy, strong, and energized.

Frequent Urination

When you’re pregnant, there’s more fluid circulating in your body, and your kidneys work more efficiently. Add that to a growing uterus pressing on your bladder, and you finish up spending longer within the bathroom than usual. Frequent urination tends to be more of an issue within the first and last trimester with a touch break during mid-pregnancy.

When experiencing frequent urination, you should:

 Stay hydrated.

 Don’t hold it in.

 Lean forward once you pee to help empty your bladder.

 Limit nighttime drinking, but make certain to get enough during the day.

 Wear a sanitary pad or liner if you leak urine.

Heartburn and Indigestion

Heartburn and indigestion can start at any time, but they’re more common within the second and third trimester. As your growing belly puts pressure on your stomach, food can copy into your esophagus and cause a sour taste in your mouth alongside burning and pain.

If you get heartburn, you can:

 Eat smaller meals more often during the day.

 Drink many fluids.

 Don’t eat close to bedtime or right before a nap.

 Don’t lay down flat for naps or bedtime. Sleep propped up on incline instead.

 Avoid spicy foods or foods that trigger your heartburn.

 Ask your doctor a few safe antacids.

Constipation, Gas, and Bloating

During pregnancy, diet moves more slowly through your system to absorb more nutrients. And, as the uterus grows, it begins to push on your intestines. Slower digestion and pressure on the bowels can cause constipation, a build-up of gas, bloating, and pain.

To relieve constipation and gas, you can:

 Eat high-fiber foods like fruits and veggies or ask your doctor for a few fiber supplements.

 Add fruit crush like prune juice to your daily diet.

 Drink many glasses of water or other healthy fluids.

 Exercise to help those bowels move.

 Ask the doctor for a few safe stool softeners.

 Do not use laxatives or enemas, which may be dangerous during pregnancy.

What to eat for a vegetarian pregnancy

What to eat for a vegetarian pregnancy

Being vegetarian and pregnant may definitely be a good and healthy choice, but you would like to make sure your diet is balanced and provides all the nutrients you and your baby need following a plant-based diet when pregnant is perfectly healthy, but it’s important to get all the nutrients you and your baby need. As a vegetarian mum-to-be, you actually got to consider getting enough of a number of key nutrients – protein, omega-3 fatty acids, iron, calcium, vitamin D, vitamin B12, and folate.

Protein power

Protein is important for the growth and development of your baby’s muscles, tissues, and cells. However, there are many high protein vegetarian options available including lentils, beans, and meat alternatives like nuts. depending on the type of vegetarian you’re, you’ll eat well-cooked dairy, or neither or both. If you are doing eat dairy make sure you select products made from pasteurized milk. no matter this, it’s important to include protein-rich food at every meal.

Omega-3 fatty acids

These beneficial fats are found in foods like oily fish, omega-3 enriched eggs also as plant foods like soya, linseeds, chia seeds, and walnuts. During your pregnancy omega-3 fats are important for the event of your baby’s brain, eyes and central nervous system. more recent studies also suggest that a better intake of omega-3 may reduce the risk of allergies. Evidence suggests that plant sources of omega-3 fatty acids may not be as rich as say oily fish, so speak to your GP or Health Visitor if you’re concerned.


Iron is an important key nutrient you need to be aware of and its role in pregnancy is very important. During pregnancy, your body produces more blood to assist deliver nutrients through the placenta to your body. Following a vegetarian diet doesn’t mean your iron intake has got to be compromised. Good and best sources of iron include dark green vegetables, pulses, fortified breakfast cereals, well-done eggs, dried fruits, and wholemeal bread. vitamin C increases the absorption of iron, so it’s an excellent idea to have a glass of orange juice (150ml), satsumas, or orange with or after your meal.


Calcium is important vital for the development of your baby’s bones, teeth and cells, so ensuring your diet includes adequate calcium is key. If you eat dairy products, animal milk, cheese, and yogurts are useful calcium foods – always make sure the products are pasteurized. If not, vegetarian options are equally good – just ensure your plant milk is enriched with added calcium. Some non-animal milk e.g. rice and oat milk are lower in calcium. Pulses, tofu, sesame seeds, tahini, and dried fruit are all good sources of calcium.

Vitamin D

Despite the amount of calcium-rich foods you eat, if you’ve got low levels of vitamin D , your body can’t absorb the calcium you digest. A high proportion of us living within the UK have low vitamin D levels as we get most of it from sunlight. we will get some from food, however, most are found in meat, oily fish, and eggs. All pregnant women, regardless of their diet choices are advised to require a vitamin D supplement to make sure they need enough vitamin D for their baby.

Vitamin B12

Vitamin B 12 is found naturally in animal foods and is needed for growth, development, and repair. If you often include eggs or dairy, you probably eat enough, however, if you avoid all animal products or eat eggs and dairy infrequently it’s important to have a reliable source of B12. As a vegetarian or vegan you’ll obtain B12 from yeast extract, fortified breakfast cereals, fortified soy products, or B12 supplements.


Folate is found in vegetables, especially, leafy greens so as long as you’re eating a balanced, vegetarian diet you ought to be obtaining folate in your diet. However, during pre-conception and through the first 12 weeks of pregnancy your need for folate is greater. For this reason, all women who hope to conceive or are within the first 12 weeks of pregnancy, whether vegetarian or not, are advised to supplement with 400mcg of folic acid.


When you’re pregnant it can feel like you’re bombarded with information from all sides, and sometimes you might just feel like a plate of beige for dinner, and there’s no got to feel bad about that. You’ll probably feel differently about food at different times in your pregnancy, so you’ll be craving greens one month and be disgusted by them the next. But it is often helpful to arm yourself with the knowledge of what foods will quickly get you the nutrients you need.

How to Lose Weight While Pregnant

How to Lose Weight While Pregnant

Losing weight while you’re pregnant is generally not advised by gynecologists — even overweight and obese women are nearly always advised to realize weight during pregnancy. However, there are things you should do to prevent yourself from gaining unnecessary weight during your antenatal period. Here’s what you ought to know.

Safety Precautions

1. Do not try to diet while pregnant

You ought to never try to reduce while pregnant unless your doctor specifically tells you otherwise. don’t start a weight-loss regimen after you find out that you are pregnant. it’s actually recommended that each one woman gain weight during pregnancy.

 Obese women should gain between 5 and 9 kg.

 Overweight women should gain between 7 and 11 kg.

 Normal-weight women should gain between 11 and 16 kg.

 Underweight women should gain between 13 and 18 kg.

 Diet control during pregnancy could deprive your baby of needed calories, vitamins, and minerals.

2. Know when weight loss may occur

While weight loss isn’t recommended during pregnancy, it’s fairly normal for several women to lose weight during their first trimester.

 Many women experience bouts of nausea and vomiting commonly mentioned as “morning sickness.” This nausea is strongest during the first trimester, and it’d be difficult to stay food down or eat normal meals during this point . Minor weight loss might not be anything to stress about, especially if you’re overweight since your baby can draw from the additional reserve of calories in your fat tissue.

3.Talk to your gynecologist or dietician

If you are feeling you’ve got a legitimate concern about your weight, talk to your doctor or a pregnancy dietician about the way to manage your weight in a way that’s healthy for you and your baby. Never begin a special diet before discussing it with a gynecologist and dietician.

You should also ask your doctor if you can’t keep any food down or lose a considerable amount of weight, even during the first trimester

Staying Healthy

1.Understand your caloric needs

Ladies who started at a normal weight before pregnancy need an average of 300 extra calories per day during their second and third trimesters.

 Normal-weight ladies should consume between 1900 and 2500 calories daily.

 Eating more calories than recommended may cause an unhealthy increase in weight.

 If you were underweight, overweight, or obese before pregnancy, discuss your caloric needs together with your doctor. These needs vary from person to person. albeit there are rare circumstances surrounding your pregnancy that make weight loss a healthy option, you’ll still get to maintain or increase your caloric intake.

 You should also ask your doctor about your caloric needs if you’re pregnant with multiples. you’ll likely need even more calories if you’re carrying more than one baby.

2.Avoid empty calories and unhealthy foods

Empty calories will lead to unnecessary weight gain but won’t provide your baby with any of the nutrients he or she needs. Avoiding empty calories is vital in maintaining a pregnancy weight that’s healthy for you.

 Avoid foods with added sugars and solid fats. the usual culprits include soft drinks, desserts, fried foods, rich dairy products like cheese or milk, and fatty cuts of meat.

 Opt for low-fat, fat-free, unsweetened, and no-added-sugar options when available.

 Also avoid coffee, alcohol, raw seafood, and potential sources of bacteria.

3.Take prenatal vitamins

Your body will have additional nutritional needs in pregnancy. Prenatal vitamins allow you to deal with these needs without having to ingest more calories than absolutely necessary.

 Never believe prenatal vitamins as a substitute for actual food, even if your doctor tells you that weight loss is suitable for your circumstances. Supplements are absorbed best when crazy food and vitamins obtained from food are generally easier for your body to access than those obtained through supplements.

 Folic acid is one of the foremost important prenatal vitamins you’ll take. It markedly minimizes the danger of neural tube defects.

 Iron, calcium. omega-3 fatty acid supplements also help maintain your body functions while aiding your baby in his or her development.

 Avoid supplements that provide excess vitamin A, D, E, or K.

4.Eat frequent, small meals

Eating multiple small meals throughout the day instead of three large ones may be a tactic used by many dieters to take care of portion control, but it also benefits you as a pregnant woman.

 Aversions to dietary food, nausea, heartburn, and indigestion often cause the experience of eating a full-size meal to become unpleasant during pregnancy. Eating five to 6 small meals throughout the course of the day can make it easier and easier to digest your food. this is often especially true as your baby grows and begins to crowd your digestive organs.

5.Maintain a healthy diet rich in pregnancy-aiding nutrients

Focus on foods that provide folate and make sure to urge many protein, healthy fat, carbohydrates, and fiber.

 Foods rich in folate include fruit juice, strawberries, spinach, broccoli, beans, and fortified bread and cereals.

 Start off with a well-rounded breakfast to form you are feeling better for the whole day.

 Opt for multi-grain carbohydrate sources instead of processed grains like light bread.

 High-fiber foods can help regulate weight and stop digestive problems like constipation. multi-grains, vegetables, fruits, and beans are generally good sources of fiber.

 Make sure to include fruits and vegetables, fibers in your diet as often as possible.

 Opt for unsaturated “good” fats like vegetable oil, vegetable oil, and groundnut oil.

6.Eat healthy snacks

Snacks can be perfectly healthy in pregnancy, even if your doctor recommends a small amount of weight gain or weight loss. Choose snacks rich in nutrition over-processed foods and desserts heavy in sugar or rich dairy fat.

 Consider a banana smoothie or frozen all-fruit nonfat sorbet rather than ice cream and shakes.

 Munch on trail mix, nuts, and fruit in between meals.

 Instead of white crackers and fatty cheese, eat whole-grain crackers covered with a little amount of low-fat cheese.

 whole-grain toast and yogurt are other snack options worth considering.

 Instead of sugary drinks, choose low-sodium vegetable juice, soda water with a splash of fruit juice, or flavored skim or soy milk over ice.

Do light exercise

Exercise is an important part of weight-loss diets outside of pregnancy and it also plays a big role in achieving a healthy weight during pregnancy. Healthy pregnant women should get, at minimum, 2 hours and a half-hour of moderate aerobic activity weekly.

 Exercise also relieves pregnancy aches, improves sleep, regulates emotional health, and lowers the risk of complications. it’s going to make losing weight after pregnancy easier, as well.

 Talk to your gynecologist before beginning an exercise regimen. Stop all exercises immediately if vaginal bleeding occurs or if your water breaks prematurely.

 Good exercise options to settle on include low-impact activities like walking, swimming, dancing, and cycling.

 Avoid activities where you’ll get stuck within the abdomen, like kickboxing or basketball. you should also avoid activities during which you would possibly fall, like horseback riding. Avoid skin diving since it could cause gas bubbles to build up in your baby’s blood.

Bleeding During Pregnancy

Bleeding During Pregnancy

Bleeding during pregnancy is common, mainly during the first trimester, and usually, it’s no cause for alarm. But because bleeding can sometimes be a symbol of something serious, it is vital to understand the possible causes and obtain checked out by your doctor to form sure you and your baby are healthy.

Bleeding within the first trimester

About 20% of girls have some bleeding during the primary 12 weeks of pregnancy. Possible causes of first trimester bleeding include:

Implantation bleeding, you’ll experience some spotting within the first six to 12 days after you conceive because the fertilized egg implants itself within the lining of the uterus. Some females do not realize they’re pregnant because they mistake this bleeding for a light-weight period. Usually, the bleeding is extremely light and lasts from a couple of hours to a couple of days.


Because miscarriage is commonest during the first 12 weeks of pregnancy, it tends to be one of the most important concerns with first trimester bleeding. However, trimester bleeding doesn’t necessarily mean that you’ve lost the baby or getting to miscarry. In fact, if a heartbeat is seen in sonography, over 90% of girls who experience first trimester vaginal bleeding won’t miscarry.

Other symptoms of miscarriage are strong cramps within the lower abdomen and tissue passing through the vagina.

Ectopic pregnancy

In an ectopic pregnancy, the fertilized embryo implants outside of the uterus, usually within the Fallopian tube. If the embryo keeps growing, it can cause the Fallopian tube to burst, which may be life-threatening to the mother. Although ectopic pregnancy is dangerous, it only occurs in about 2% of pregnancies.

Other symptoms of ectopic pregnancy are strong cramps or pain within the lower abdomen and lightheadedness.

Molar pregnancy

This is often a really rare condition during which abnormal tissue grows inside the uterus rather than a baby. In rare cases, the tissue is cancerous and may spread to other parts of the body.

Other symptoms of molar pregnancy are nausea and vomiting, and rapid enlargement of the uterus.

Additional causes of bleeding in early pregnancy include:

Cervical changes. During pregnancy, extra blood flows to the cervix. Intercourse or a Pap test, which causes contact with the cervix, can trigger bleeding. this type of bleeding doesn’t cause concern.

Infection. Any infection of the cervix, vagina, or a sexually transmitted infection (such as chlamydia, gonorrhea, or herpes) can cause bleeding within the first trimester.

Bleeding within the Second and Third Trimesters

Abnormal bleeding in late pregnancy could also be more serious because it can signal a problem with the mother or baby. Call your gynecologist as soon as possible if you experience any bleeding in your second or third trimester.

Possible causes of bleeding in late pregnancy include:

Placenta previa

This condition occurs when the placenta sits low within the uterus and partially or completely covers the opening of the birth canal. placenta previa is extremely rare within the late third trimester, occurring in just one in 200 pregnancies. A placenta previa bleeding, which can be pain-free, is an emergency requiring immediate medical attention.

Placental abruption, In about 1 percent of pregnancies, the placenta detaches from the wall of the uterus before or during labor, and blood pools between the placenta and uterus. Placental abruption is often very dangerous to both the mother and baby.

Other signs and symptoms of placental abruption are abdominal pain, clots from the vagina, tender uterus, and back pain.

Uterine rupture

In some cases, a scar from a previous C-section can tear open during pregnancy. Uterine rupture is often life-threatening and requires an emergency C-section.

Other symptoms of uterine rupture are pain and tenderness within the abdomen.

Vasa Previa

During this very rare condition, the developing baby’s blood vessels within the umbilical cord or placenta cross the opening to the birth canal. Vasa Previa is often very dangerous and complicated to the baby because the blood vessels can tear open, causing the baby to bleed severely and lose oxygen.

Other signs of vasa previa like – abnormal fetal heart rate and excessive bleeding.

Premature labor

Vaginal bleeding late in pregnancy may be a sign that your body is preparing to deliver. a few days or weeks before labor begins, the mucus plug that covers the opening of the uterus will pass out of the vagina, and it’ll usually have small amounts of blood in it (this is understood as “bloody show”). If bleeding and symptoms of labor begin before the 37th week of pregnancy, contact your doctor directly because you would possibly be in preterm labor.

Other symptoms of preterm labor include contractions, vaginal discharge, abdominal pressure, and ache within the lower back.

Additional causes of bleeding in late pregnancy are:

 Injury to the cervix or vagina

 Polyps

 Cancer

What to do If you’ve got Abnormal Bleeding During Pregnancy

Because vaginal bleeding in any trimester is often a sign of a problem, call your doctor. Wear a pad in order that you’ll keep track of how much you’re bleeding, and record the sort of blood (for example, pink, brown, or red; smooth or filled with clots). Bring any tissue that passes through the vagina to your gynecologist for testing. Don’t use a tampon or have sex while you’re still bleeding.

You should expect to receive an ultrasound to identify what the underlying explanation for your bleeding could also be. Vaginal and abdominal ultrasounds are often performed together as part of a full evaluation.

Go to the emergency room or call directly your gynecologist if you’re experiencing any of the following symptoms, which might be signs of a miscarriage or other serious problem:

 Severe pain or intense cramps low within the abdomen

 Severe bleeding, whether or not there’s pain

 Discharge from the vagina that contains tissue

 Dizziness or fainting

 A fever of quite 100.4 or more degrees Fahrenheit and/or chills

6 Realities of Pregnancy

6 Realities of Pregnancy

There is no doubt that when it comes to pregnancy, each woman features a unique experience. within the age of social media, it can sometimes appear that being pregnant is easy. Some women neutralize fact have very easy pregnancies, with few side effects. However, this is often typically not the case, and a large majority of girls normally experience a minimum of a few common side effects.

Digestive problems

“If you are suffering from GI problems in past, like food allergies, IBS (irritable bowel syndrome), gluten allergies, or diarrhea, then which will, unfortunately, worsen in pregnancy,” There are a few reasons that females may experience digestive problems, one reason being that your body is under more pressure and is facing much higher demands. This has an impact on your gastrointestinal system, and your digestive sensitivity can increase.

As a result of hormone changes, women often experience constipation, which slows their GI mobility. Patients with anemia can also experience constipation, as this is often a common side effect of iron supplements.


Heartburn may become more common in women who already struggle with frequent heartburn. “For people that have heartburn, it’ll be 10 times worse,” This is often typically very treatable though, and therefore the majority of girls take an over-the-counter ant-acid to treat this.

All-Day Sickness

Morning sickness (or nausea) may be a more commonly discussed symptom, but many people think that it (as the name suggests) only occurs within the morning which after the first trimester, this symptom subsides. “It is worth noting that albeit the bulk of females experience this symptom within the morning and through the first trimester, it can happen at any time, an honest 50 to 70 percent of girls are fairly nauseous. There are a high proportion of girls who will even be got to take medication, or in extreme cases be hospitalized for his or her nausea symptoms. they will even have an enhanced sense of smell, which matches alongside nauseous and vomiting.

Pelvic (round ligament) pain

Further within the pregnancy, around the end of the second trimester, women can start to feel pelvic heaviness, also mentioned as round ligament pain. this will desire a sharp, stabbing pain within the pelvic area or a stretching sensation.

For example, when someone is laying down in bed, they’re familiar with getting up normally without using hands or any upper body strength. Women begin to seek out actions like this to be very painful. this is often because the round ligaments are under such a lot of pressure, they become strained. To remedy this strain, women begin to use their upper arms more, move slower, which they ought to afford longer to try to do things like preparing within the morning. an alternative choice would be to get maternity support belts, which help relieve pelvic pain by reducing the pressure on the pelvis.

Difficulty breathing

Women may find that they need trouble catching their breath when doing a day, simple tasks. this is often thanks to the progesterone in your body. “There’s many progesterone floating around your body, which may actually make it difficult to breathe. The progesterone relaxes your diaphragm, and it is often hard to require deep breaths.” Again, moving slower is key here. Allowing yourself more time to get ready will assist you to have the power to move slower, and take the time you would like to catch your breath.


A number of girls report feeling pure exhaustion during their pregnancy. This common problem can again be attributed to hormones, specifically progesterone. one more reason women may feel this manner is because some experience physiologic anemia, a condition where there are not enough healthy red blood cells to hold oxygen to the tissues within the body.

Vaginal discharge during pregnancy

Vaginal discharge during pregnancy

Vaginal discharge is certainly nothing new. But if you’re trying to conceive or think you’ll be pregnant, you would possibly be wondering whether changes in vaginal discharge are an early sign you’re expecting.

Known as leukorrhea, an increase in vaginal discharge is often an early sign of pregnancy — although some changes in vaginal discharge are often attributed to other things too.

What is leukorrhea or pregnancy discharge?

Pregnancy discharge is the medical term for the thin, milky white, and mild-smelling (sometimes odorless) vaginal discharge that a lot of women first experience in early pregnancy.

The quantity will likely increase as your pregnancy progresses. Leukorrhea is analogous to the vaginal discharge you would possibly experience between periods, only heavier.

What causes leukorrhea during pregnancy?

When you’re expecting, a rise in estrogen levels causes increased blood flow to the pelvic area. More blood flow stimulates the body’s mucous membranes, resulting in a rise in vaginal discharge in early pregnancy and beyond.

And it is the crucial purpose: Leukorrhea removes dead cells from the vagina protects the birth canal from infection and maintains a healthy balance of bacteria within the vagina.

Is white vaginal discharge normal during pregnancy?

Thin, white discharge is normal and healthy throughout your entire pregnancy. However, it might be a sign and symptom of an infection if it’s lumpy or thick, especially if it’s accompanied by other symptoms (like itching or a fishy odor).

You can also notice vaginal discharge is brown or pink. In early pregnancy, that would be a sign of implantation bleeding. Later on, vaginal spotting during pregnancy (not heavy bleeding) is additionally most frequently normal, especially if it appears after you’ve got sex or a pelvic exam.

But if you’re concerned, don’t hesitate to see in together with your doctor.

What is early pregnancy discharge?

Early pregnancy discharge is a discharge that comes early in pregnancy. It’s completely normal since early pregnancy is usually when you’ll first notice leukorrhea.

Pregnancy and Sleep

Pregnancy and Sleep

For many women, sleep is often evasive during pregnancy. Physical discomfort, changing hormones, and excitement and anxiety about being a new mother cause a number of sleep problems. In fact, it’s believed that a minimum of 50 percent of pregnant women1 suffers from insomnia.

Sleep is an important part of prenatal care. If you’re suffering to sleep well during pregnancy, you’re not alone. We’ll discuss common sleep problems for pregnant women, take a glance at the best pregnancy sleeping positions, and share advice on the way to get the best sleep possible during pregnancy.

Common Sleep Problems During Pregnancy

The most common sleep disorders that tend to occur during pregnancy are obstructive apnea, restless legs syndrome, and esophageal reflux disorder.

Obstructive Sleep Apnea:

Weight gain and nasal congestion lead many ladies to start out snoring during pregnancy, which can be a risk factor for top blood pressure. Some women may continue to develop obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), a sleep condition characterized by snoring, gasping, and repeated lapses in breathing that disrupt sleep quality. OSA may impede oxygen flow to the fetus and increase the danger of preeclampsia, gestational diabetes, and cesarean sections. it’s thought to affect as many as 1 in 5 women during pregnancy.

Restless Legs Syndrome:

People with restless legs syndrome (RLS) are suffering from sensations best described as a crawling, tickling, or itching that cause an irrepressible urge to maneuver the legs. This condition can make it difficult to nod off because the symptoms are more severe when the person is at rest. RLS is assumed to affect up to one-third of girls in their trimester of pregnancy.

Gastroesophageal Reflux Disorder:

Otherwise referred to as heartburn or acid reflux, esophageal reflux disorder (GERD) causes an uncomfortable burning sensation within the esophagus, especially when lying down. It’s a standard explanation for insomnia in pregnant women across all trimesters, thought to affect one-quarter of pregnant women within the trimester and as many as one-half within the third. Long-term GERD may damage the esophagus.

Treatment for Sleep Problems During Pregnancy

There are a number of the way to reduce sleep problems while pregnant. Principal planning includes adjustments to sleeping position and sleeps hygiene habits. In conjunction with better sleep hygiene, managing pregnancy-related sleep disorders is key to getting better sleep while pregnant.

Certain many alternative therapies have proven effective for treating sleep disorders, like endless positive airway pressure (CPAP) device for OSA, antacids for GERD, or vitamin and mineral supplements for RLS and other conditions. Although there are many studies, the reason for leg cramps and RLS during pregnancy remains unclear. Suggested therapies include vitamin supplementation, heat therapy, and massage but there’s no consensus about what’s the best treatment.

Ascertain substances may pose a risk to the developing fetus, pregnant women should consult their doctor before taking any medication or herbal remedies to help with sleep.

Best Sleeping Positions for Pregnancy

The best way to sleep on the left side with the legs slightly curled is considered the best sleeping position in pregnancy. This position facilitates blood flow to the guts, kidneys, and uterus, and improves the delivery of oxygen and nutrients to the fetus. Although not as optimal because of the left side, sleeping on the proper side during pregnancy is additionally acceptable.

It may be helpful to use a couple of extra pillows to urge comfortable sleeping on your side, especially if you’re not familiar with this sleeping position. Try tucking during a wedge pillow to support your belly, or adding a skinny pillow between the knees to assist relieve pressure on the lower back. Some ladies find it useful to hug a body pillow or place a pillow under the lower back.

As the uterus grows larger, sleeping on the rear during pregnancy can cause backache and put pressure on the vein. The vein is one of the body’s principal veins, so this will interfere with blood flow and cause dizziness. if back sleeping is all right for brief stints, it’s best to avoid it if possible. Most pregnant women find that sleeping on the stomach is impractical once the baby bump reaches a particular size.

Sleep cleanliness for Pregnant Women

Sleep cleanliness is more important than ever during pregnancy. additionally to pregnancy sleep aids like pillows, eye masks, the following habits may help reduce insomnia and improve overall sleep quality:

 Keep a cool, dark, quiet, clean bedroom and limit the bed to sleeping and sex

 Prioritize sleep and stick with a uniform bedtime, scheduling naps earlier within the day in order that they don’t interfere with nighttime sleep

 Read a book, take a shower, or enjoys another calming activity in preparation for bedtime

 Use a nightlight to form it easier to urge back to sleep after bathroom breaks

 Avoid caffeine, spicy foods, and heavy meals too on the brink of bedtime to scale back the risk of GERD

 Avoid taking technology into the bedroom, and switch off screens a minimum of an hour before bed

 Get regular exercise earlier within the day

 Drink many glasses of water throughout the day, but reduce liquid intake before bed to scale back nighttime bathroom breaks

 If you can’t sleep, get out of bed and do something else until you are feeling sleepy

 Write down thoughts in your notebook or diary, or seek help from your partner, friends, doctor, or childbirth classes if you’re feeling stressed

9 Pregnancy Do’s and Don’ts may surprise you

9 Pregnancy Do’s and Don’ts may surprise you

Before your little bundle of joy arrives, you’re liable for helping them grow during a nurturing, healthy environment.

This list of pregnancy do’s and don’ts may shed some light on what you ought to worry about — and what you actually shouldn’t fret over.

Pregnancy Do’s :

1. Do take a multivitamin

Take a diet that’s rich in vitamins and minerals is that the best thanks to providing your body with all of the healthy nutrients it must support a growing baby. A good healthy diet alone, however, might not be enough for pregnancy.

Antenatal vitamins contain higher levels of certain nutrients that expectant mothers require at higher doses, such as:

 folic acid

 calcium

 iron

These vitamins assist with the proper development of the fetus and help prevent birth defects. Your consultant can help you find a multivitamin or a series of vitamins that are best for you.

Multivitamin Supplements will usually include DHA, EPA, or both. These are omega-3 fatty acids that are important for your baby’s proper brain development.

Do not take more than one dose of multivitamins, though. Some types of vitamins in higher amounts are often harmful to the baby.

2. Do get lots of sleep

Exchange hormone levels, anticipation, and anxiety can make sleep elusive during your 9 months of pregnancy. Pregnancy is wanted, especially within the final trimester, and you’ll need your sleep.

Take a quick snooze if you are feeling tired and schedule naps whenever you’ll. Set bedtimes and stick with them.

Aim for 7-9 hours of shut-eye each night. Fatigue may be a sign that your body needs more rest, so give yourself all the sleep you’ll.

3. Do work out

Gone are the days of pregnant ladies ignoring lifting a finger during their pregnancies: We now know that exercise is good for mama and baby.

In fact, a daily workout may help you combat many of the problems that arise during pregnancy, including:

 insomnia

 muscle pain

 excessive weight gain

 mood problems

If you often workouts before you became pregnant, keep it up. Talk together with your doctor about any adjustments you ought to make to your routine, especially as you progress into your second and third trimesters.

If you didn’t workout regularly before you acknowledged you were expecting, ask your doctor about incorporating a fitness routine into your day. they will guide you into a program that’s safe and comfortable for you and your growing baby.

4. Do practice yoga

You could avoid hot yoga, but other yoga modalities are fine when you’re expecting. hunt down antenatal or gentle yoga classes that are designed for mothers-to-be. yoga therapists in these classes will know which poses are best and which you ought to avoid.

If you weren’t doing yoga before you became pregnant, talk together with your doctor before signing up for a category. While it’s possible you’ll start, it’s best to go over the risks and concerns together with your doctor

Pregnancy Don’ts

5. Don’t smoke

Childs born to women who smoke during pregnancy are more likely rested Source to have a lower birth weight and are at a greater risk for learning disabilities than children born to nonsmoking mothers.

Additionally, children born to women who smoke are more likely to undertake smoking at a younger age and become regular smokers earlier, thanks to physiologic nicotine addiction.

6. Don’t drink alcohol

Alcohol may greatly impact your baby’s development. people that drink alcohol while pregnant could deliver a baby with fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS).

Symptoms of FAS include:

 low birth weight

 learning disabilities

 behavior problems

 lagging patterns in terms of growth & development milestones

Even small amounts of alcohol are often a problem. There appears to be no safe level of alcohol drinking in pregnancy.

If you would like to help to stop drinking while you’re pregnant, talk together with your doctor as soon as possible. the earlier you get help, the healthier your baby is probably going to be.

7. Don’t eat unpasteurized milk products

Calcium is very important for growing babies, but moms need to take care of how they get their calcium from dairy.

Raw milk isn’t a recommended trusted Source for expecting mothers since it’s unpasteurized. this suggests it hasn’t been heated to kill bacteria that would cause you to ill.

Specifically, milk may contain the bacteria Listeria. It can cause illness, miscarriage, or maybe life-threatening consequences.

8. Don’t sit during a bathtub

Though relaxing, the high-heat environment of hot tubs, Jacuzzis, and saunas could also be too dangerous for expecting mothers.

In fact, research suggests that using one among these during your first trimester may double your risk of miscarriage. Soaking in hot water can raise blood heat and this causes problems with the baby including increasing the risk of birth defects.

9. Don’t drink a lot of caffeine

Caffeine may travel through the placenta and increase your baby’s heart rate.

Current research studies suggest that ladies may safely consume a cup or two of coffee every day, but forego downing a triple-shot latte while you’re carrying.

What is premature birth?

What is premature birth?

The definition of a ‘premature’ or ‘preterm’ baby is one that’s born before 37 weeks. There are different levels of prematurity and their risks:

 Extremely preterm (less than 28 weeks)

 very preterm (28 to 32 weeks)

 moderate to late preterm (32 to 37 weeks).

What are the symptoms of premature birth?

The following symptoms before 37 weeks of pregnancy might be signs that you simply are close to going into labor:

 an accelerate in pelvic pressure within the vagina or rectum.

 an accelerate in discharge and/or a gush/repeat trickling of fluid, which could mean your waters have broken (preterm premature rupture of membranes).

 bleeding or losing your mucus plug.

 period type pains in your stomach or lower back. These may have a rhythm or be constant.

If you’ve got these symptoms consult your family physician.

What are the causes of premature birth?

In some cases, a cause of preterm birth is often shown but more often it’s unknown or unclear. Complications, like infection or cervical incompetence, increase the danger. Women who are having multiple pregnancies (twins, triplets, or more) also have a better chance of giving birth prematurely. the typical length of pregnancy for twins is 37 weeks, and 33 weeks for triplets.

In 25% of preterm births, the delivery is planned because the mother and/or baby are suffering life-threatening complications like pre-eclampsia, kidney disease or growth restriction.

Why is premature birth a problem?

During the pregnancy babies’ bodies are developing within the womb to permit them to survive and thrive once they are born. When a baby is born timely, some parts of their development won’t are finished and this suggests they’re not ready for all times outside the womb.

Luckily advances in neonatal care have come on greatly and neonatal units, special care units, and pediatricians are equipped to support the baby until their bodies strengthen and develop fully.

However, the sooner a baby is born the upper the danger is of health problems. There are different levels of prematurity, and usually, the risk increases the earlier the birth is – babies at highest risk are those born before week 26.