Author Archives: Dr. Anand Dhingra

Nutrition in the fetus

Have you ever wonder, how your baby inside your womb feed himself. The growth of baby starts from a single cell and later the same cell forms the complete body by feeding himself with protein, carbohydrates, lipids, and many more metabolites. These entire nutrients come from the mother’s body through the placenta that’s a well-known fact but does you know placenta starts providing nutrition from the 16th day of fertilization. (Fertilization is the process in which sperm penetrates the ovum and forms zygote. The zygote is the first cell of your baby which latter by the process of cell division forms the complete body of the baby. ) what happens before that? How baby feed himself before the formation of the placenta? Well in this article you will learn about

Early nutrition of the fetus

The function of the placenta

Early nutrition of the fetus

In the body of the mother a hormone named progesterone secreted in the latter half of the each monthly sexual cycle. This hormone has an effect on the uterus. The cell line of the uterus called uterine endometrium converts into swollen cells because of this hormone. Now when this cell is swollen they develop extra space in them which is filled by extra quantities of glycogen, protein, lipids and many more minerals necessary for the development of the conceptus. (The embryo and its adjacent parts of associated membranes are called conceptus). When the conceptus (baby) implants in the uterus, the continued secretion of the hormone progesterone further enhance the surface area of the uterine endometrium cells which results in even more storage of food inside the cells. A type of cell called trophoblast cells invades this uterine endometrium followed by the digestion and imbibing the same. This is the only way of nutrition for the embryo until the formation of the placenta. The amazing fact is that the baby keeps feeding some of the nutrition by this way up to 8 weeks of their growth.

Function of placenta

The transport of the nutrient and other substance through placenta take place by the process of diffusion that is the transfer of a substance from higher density to lower density. In the starting, the placental cells are not fully developed therefore the diffusion occurs at a very low rate. Conversely, in later months of pregnancy, the permeability of placental cell increases because of thinning of the placental membrane, as well as the surface area, also expands which result in the tremendous exchange of matter between mother and fetus. The function of the placenta is listed below

  1. The major function of the placenta is to provide oxygen. You must know that the fetal haemoglobin can carry 20 to 50 per cent more oxygen than maternal haemoglobin. This is what makes the fetal blood alkaline.   
  2. Diffusion of Carbon Dioxide from fetal blood to the mother’s blood. The only way of excreting the Carbon Dioxide in the fetus is through the placenta. The pressure of CO2 in fetal blood is 2 to 3 Hg higher then mother along with the extreme solubility of CO2 in the placental membrane allows the rapid diffusion of Carbon Dioxide. The diffusion of CO2 from fetal blood to mother’s blood is 20 % higher.
  3. Transport of required nutrient through the placental membrane from mother to baby.
  4. Excretions of waste products from fetal blood to the mother’s blood. These waste products include uric acid, urea, and creatinine.
  5. Along with all these necessary antibodies also transported from mothers blood to the fetus.

Amazing facts of pregnancy

It is a well-known fact that pregnancy brings changes in the body. Not only the mother body but the fetus also goes to many changes while the mother body is getting adjusted with pregnancy.
The organs of women body shift from their places to make space for the baby in the body but there are many other changes that aren’t visible at first glance. Here are surprising crazy facts about pregnancy.
1. Oral sex can make you pregnant, yup you read it correct. A girl from Lesotho who was born without the vagina becomes pregnant when she performed oral sex and got stabbed with a knife in the stomach.
2. The amniotic fluid is mostly sterile urine. In fact, the baby in the second trimester drinks their pee and then pee and drink it again.
3. The size of uterus increases and can expand up to 500 times from its original size.
4. The longest pregnancy occur to Penny Diana Hunter which was reported to be of 375
5. The shortest pregnancy recorded was of 21 weeks and four days.
6. The blood volume of pregnant women increases by 40- 50% to provide enough oxygen to the baby.
7. To pump the increased amount of blood in the body the size of the heart also increases while you are pregnant.
8. The voice of women does change during pregnancy because of hormonal changes in their body. These changes bring swelling of vocal cords.
9. The size of the feet increases.
10. You know a new mother and even pregnant women can actually lactate automatically when they hear a baby crying doesn’t matter the baby is their own or someone else. Motherhood.
11. Females born with all the eggs they will ever use in their life but boys develop sperm at the time of puberty
12. Pregnancy can induce and improve your sense of smell.
13. It’s an amazing fact to know that the baby can actually test the food in the womb which has been eaten by the mother.
14. The baby of about 18 weeks is able to hear their mother’s voice in the womb.
15. At about 25-26 weeks foetus becomes responsive to their mother’s voice.
16. Pregnancy can cause gestational diabetes.
17. Relaxin a hormone releases during pregnancy which loosens the joints during pregnancy.
18. Your skin colour changes during pregnancy.
19. There is a genetic syndrome known as Turner syndrome in which female is born with only one X chromosome which means she cannot reproduce.
20. Women with blood group A have a high rate of fertility and women with blood group O finds hard to conceive. Strange.
21. Women pregnant with the baby boy have more tendency of autoimmune disorder.
22. Foetus does actually cry in womb. Seriously.
23. Orgasm can be the reason for contraction.
24. The baby’s fingerprint develops at the first trimester.
25. Pregnant women develop 5% extra muscle, probably to manage extra weight.
26. Pregnancy boosts the metabolism rate in pregnant women.
27. Baby learns its mother tongue in the womb. Amazing, it means you can actually teach and form the thinking pattern of your baby’s brain right in the womb.
28. With the increase in age, the percentage of conceiving reduces. At the age of 30, the rate of conceiving reduces to 20 %, which further decreases to 5 % at the age of 40 years.
29. The amount of oestrogen produced in a day in the body of pregnant women is more to the amount of oestrogen production by the nonpregnant female in 3 years. Wow.
30. Pregnancy can turn your once white teeth to yellow, pregnancy can develop plaque in mother.
31. The food cravings in pregnancy are actually reasonable.
32. Well, this amazing not only women but your partner may develop the same experience or share some symptoms of pregnancy this is called couvades syndrome.
33. It’s not just the mother’s body which helps the baby to develop its organs but fetus stem cell also travels in the mother’s body and help to repair the mother’s body in return.
34. At the time of giving birth to the baby, pelvic bones may get separated and in some cases, they never come back to the same positions.
35. Pregnancy can induce the Carpal tunnel syndrome in mother.
36. During pregnancy, you will experience that you actually sweat more.
37. During childbirth, the placenta is 1/6th of the baby’s weight. That’s pretty heavy.
38. Pregnancy brings the glow in your skin and your hair get thicker and shinier. Well, that sounds good.

Enviromental pollution and prengnancy

There is increasing evidence that environmental pollution has a hazardous effect on the health of pregnant women and the development of the child in uterus. In womb exposure to environmental chemical, toxins have an adverse effect on both childhood and adult. The effect of pollutant has been liked to diseases, including autism, high blood pressure, ADHD, mental disorders, heart disease, and many more.
The pesticides used in agriculture contain oestrogenic endocrine-disrupting chemicals or EDCs which mimic mammalian sex hormone oestradiol and interfere with the development of the baby in the uterus. EDCs advances puberty in humans and alter their reproductive functioning by a genital abnormality in boys and early sexual maturation in girls.
The literature on human health categorizes the most studied environmental toxicant are heavy metals, mercury, air pollutant, water pollutant, pesticides, and arsenic. These environmental toxicants may adversely affect the birth weight of an unborn child by resulting in low birth weight, preterm birth, birth defects, and intrauterine growth restriction. There are growing works of literature on the effect of chemicals such as bisphenyl A, phalates and perchlorates about their ubiquitous nature and endocrine disruptors. Consuming fish in pregnancy may increase the risk of exposure to mercury which is potentially hazardous at any stage of developing a fetus. According to the scientific studies done so far on the effect of exposure to environmental toxicant to pregnant women are listed below.
1. Exposure to Environmental toxicant such as air pollutant in pregnant women may increase the risk of preterm delivery or low birth weight.
2. Children of 0- 5 years old have more chances of being asthmatic who has encounter perinatal exposure to air pollution.
3. Harvard school of public health conducted a study and found that there is a connection between exposure to an environmental toxicant in pregnant women and autism.
4. Air pollution can also induce the behavior like OCD obsessive compulsive disorder and ADHD attention deficit hyperactivity disorder etc in the child when women had one through exposure to air pollutant during pregnancy.
5. There are sever cases in which environmental toxins can lead to sudden infant death syndrome SIDS or stillbirths.
6. Toxicant such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons or PAH’s can also adversely affect the intelligence of baby right from the womb

The question arises to us is how to fight or reduce the adverse effect of environmental toxicant in pregnant women. Giving thought to the reduction of exposure to the environmental toxicant three general approaches can be helpful to us.
1. The source of toxicant should be targeted and strategies should be prepared to reduce exposure of targeted sites to pregnant women.
2. Identification of environmental toxicant present in our communities should be considered as the second approach.
3. The third approach is communication with the pregnant women present in our communities and discussing the effect of environmental toxicant on both their fetus and themselves.

Impact of Kangen water on Pregnant women

Pregnancy is a phase of life which generally brings tremendous joy to a couple’s life but along with the happiness, it also brings various things to worry about, most importantly health. One needs to take extra care about what to eat and drink during pregnancy. Most people take care of eating a healthy diet but when comes to drinking they just reduce the amount of coffee, avoids alcoholic intake and drink a larger amount of water to keep the body hydrated, but there exists a very effective way of keeping an expecting mother healthy i.e. by drinking Kangen (alkalized) water.

Kangen is Japanese word which means return to origin i.e. it is water created by Energic (a Japanese company) water technology which converts  tap water into special properties water which is full of a large amount of electron to neutralise free radicals, high in active hydrogen, micro-clustered, high in ionized minerals,  oxygen and has alkaline property without adding any chemical. It basically ionizes water made by electrolysis. Kangen water has 3 basic properties apart from a basic hydrating property of normal water

=> Anti-oxidant

=>Alkalized

=>Micro clustering

An acidic body invites diseases like cancer, diabetes, arthritis etc. and during pregnancy pH of mother’s body tends to shift toward acidic as it has to give alkaline minerals to placenta so that it can neutralize acidic discharge from a foetus. Thus alkaline nature of Kangen water helps the body to maintain pH during pregnancy. According to a study, Kangen water smoothens the delivery and increases the rate of recovery after the delivery. Kangen machine ionizes natural minerals found in source water like calcium, magnesium etc which adds to its daily requirement for manufacturing of bones and teeth of the baby. It also increases lactation in mother.

Indigestion and acidity are the most common problems faced during pregnancy due to change in hormone levels, Kangen water being alkaline in nature can help in buffering some of the stomach acids which further reduces heartburn. During pregnancy a new life is being formed inside a woman thus, an excessive amount of work is to be done thus Kangen water can boost energy level and keep you hydrated along with providing balance to your immune system. According to Sang Wang, a scientist and author drinking an adequate amount of Kangen water can even reduce morning sickness (else expecting mother can face severe case of morning sickness).

As we know not all bodies are same, different bodies have different pH, therefore, one must consult his doctor about the amount of Kangen water to be taken before start drinking Kangen water because too much alkalinity is also dangerous as it disturbs the nutritional balance and may kill several normal cells. Too much intake of alkaline water during pregnancy may also result in malabsorption (a condition that reduces absorption of nutrients in the small intestine).  To avoid this problem take water maximum up to 9.5 pH and don’t drink alkaline water with food. It will simply solve this problem.

All the best, if you are trying to become pregnant and congratulation if you already are.

Planning Your Pregnancy- See What Doctors Recommend

Check Top 5 Recommendations from Doctors

Planning your pregnancy or trying to get pregnant is a different feeling altogether. Becoming a
mother is one the most beautiful feeling a woman can experience in her lifetime. But sometimes,
women are seen facing problems while trying to conceive. There might be many factors that
affect it but the most common are – age and lifestyle. We have compiled a list of changes you
need to make in your lifestyle that is recommended by various doctors. These changes will help
you in having a healthy and normal delivery.

Improve your diet

Do you know that food and fertility are linked together? So it’s better to eat a healthy diet before
trying to conceive. Women need to increase their intake by having more fruits, vegetables,
whole grains, and calcium-rich foods such as yoghurt, cheese, and milk every day. While men
need to take zinc, vitamins C and E, and folic acid for making the healthy sperm.

Quit alcohol and smoking

Yes, cutting back on alcohol and smoking can increase your chances of getting pregnant. Every
gynaecologist suggests cutting these back. If you are pregnant then stop being around people
who smoke because passively smoking is as bad as actively smoking. There are reports that
suggest that because of passive smoking people have suffered miscarriages.

Start taking vitamins

It’s important to start taking prenatal vitamins when you are trying to conceive because of the
baby's neural cord, which becomes the brain and spinal cord, develops within the first month of
pregnancy. Keeping that in mind it's important that you get essential nutrients, like iron, folic
acid, and calcium from the very start.

Don’t overdo on caffeine

It is recommended by doctors to take the minimum amount of caffeine in daily life. Drinking few
cups of coffee or tea every day will increase your blood pressure and heart rate. Caffeine is
present not only in tea or coffee, it is also there in chocolate, sodas, and even certain medicines.

Join parenting classes

There is a proverb that says ‘incomplete knowledge is a dangerous thing’ and it’s absolutely correct.
Before becoming a mother or getting pregnant women should have proper knowledge about
everything. From giving a birth to taking care of their child. We recommend you to take online
classes or join a course with us to get useful information that will help you and your child.

Sleeping Pattern of a Newborn Baby.

Sleeping pattern of a newborn baby.

What are the sleep requirements of the newborn baby?

Total Sleeping Hours Of  A Baby In A Day

How much baby needs to sleep is completely dependent on the age of the infant. A newborn baby sleeps much of time in the day but the sleep of the baby is segmented in short duration of time. With the increase in the age of the baby, the length of day sleep decreases but the duration of nighttime sleep increases.

The newborn baby tends to sleep about 8 to 9 hours in a daytime and 8 hours at night. Generally, babies don’t sleep more than 2 hours straight. Baby learns to sleep 6 hours straight at night at the age of about 3 months and up to 6 months baby start sleeping at night for about 8 hours straight. The baby also starts to differentiate into day and night at the age of about 6 months. Look at the change in the sleeping pattern of your baby. If your baby is suddenly awake or crying this may be a sign of ear infection or any other problem. Do speak to your doctor about it.

Keeping the milk bottle to the mouth of a baby while being on the bed is a bad practice. This may lead to choking or internal infection in the baby such as ear infection.

What are the different Sleeping cycles of an infant?

Infants have different sleeping cycles than adults. They have different stages and depth of sleep. The body movement of the baby depends upon the stage of their sleep. He or she may be actively moving or stay very still.

In total hours of sleep, baby spends less time in REM (random eye movement ) while adult do it more.

Non-REM sleep baby may be in any of these 4 stages:

o Stage 1: baby may feel drowsiness, dozing eyes droop, may open and close eyes.Overall baby is preparing himself or herself to sleep or feeling sleepy.

o Stage 2: stage 2 of the Non REM sleep is light sleep. Baby may be awake or stimulate with the sudden sound.

o Stage 3: in this stage baby is in deep sleep, he or she becomes quiet.

o Stage 4: in this stage infant is in very deep sleep, quiet and does not move at all.

A newborn baby enters stage 1 of the Non REM cycle first at the beginning of the sleep cycle, then  moves into stage 2, followed by 3, then 4, then again back to 3, then 2, then to REM. This  cycle may run several times during sleep. There are chances that baby may be awakened from going stage 4 to stage 3 and have difficulty to go back to sleep in first 3 months from their birth.

Here parent helps them to fall asleep again.

  Signs that inform you that your baby is ready to sleep :

  You can tell when your baby is sleepy and help them to fall asleep. The sleep readiness sings of the babies is as follows :

YAWNING BABY

  1. Yawning
  2. Rubbing eyes
  3. Yawing
  4. And looking away.

Alert states after the sleep of a baby :

Once the baby is awake it has 3 alert states.

  1. Quite alert phase – in this state baby awakes. He or she is staying still and observing the surrounding environment.
  2. Active alert phase – in this phase baby moves actively and attentive to sound and sights.
  3. Crying alert phase – in this state baby becomes upset cry a lot and sometimes reject the feeding as well.

What are the signs of newborn sleep problems?

Baby may develop separation anxiety, in this baby generally awakens during the night and start to cry or have a problem too back to sleep. This is a normal part of development baby doesn’t understand that the separation is temporary

The newborn sleep problems are as follows:

  • Baby start Crying when you leave the room.
  • Baby Refuse to go to sleep without a parent nearby him or her.
  • Newborn start Clinging to the parent at separation.

How To Help Your Baby Fall Asleep?

How To Help Your Baby Fall Asleep?

People believe that they can control when and how long infant sleep. Well
it is a complete myth

How To Make Baby Fall Asleep

The parent can help their baby to fall asleep.
It’s a surprise but babies don’t know how to develop or associate their
sleeping pattern. According to the studies, When the infant briefly
awakens during a normal sleep cycle, the baby cannot or may not be able
to go back to sleep on his or her own, they need there to help them to fall
asleep.

It’s the responsibility of the parent to help and teach them how
to sleep. The real question is how?

1. When it is time for bed, you can rock or breastfeed a baby to sleep.
It will be a good idea to develop a routine at bedtime.
2. Music also helps our baby to fall asleep. Play soft music while the
infant is sleepy.
3. Cuddling and comforting your baby during the daytime help them to
feel secure at night and they sleep easily and peacefully.
4. Allow your baby for naps each day as per need according to the age
of the baby.
5. Avoid physically or mentally active and activity close to the bedtime.
6. Develop a bedtime routine, like reading story books, rocking or a
warm bath.

7. Tuck your infant into their bed when he and she are sleepy, but
before going to sleep. Make sure baby doesn’t sleep in your arms or while
eating.
8. Comfort your child when he or she is afraid Or unable to fall asleep.
9. When the baby is briefly awakened or afraid in night comfort them by
patting or soothing but avoid taking them out of bed.
10. If your baby cries, do not rush immediately wait for few minutes,
then return and comfort him or her by patting or soothing. Then, wish
them goodnight and leave the baby. (repeat the same procedure as much
needed)
11. Be consistent with the routine develop by you and to your
responses.

Vaccination schedule for the newborn

Garbh Sanskar2

Introduction
Being a parent all you do is to keep your baby sound healthy and happy. Vaccination is a part of creating defense line against various diseases in your baby.
In an infant, the antibodies are passed down from mother from breast milk which helps them to create the first line of defense. However, babies don’t feed breast after the duration of 6 months and in some cases a year. In that case, the immunity provided by the milk is worn off or weakened, here vaccine helps them and protect against various infections and diseases. Generally, the vaccine contains the inactivated form or strain of causing pathogen which helps the body to create the antibodies against it without getting infected or diseased. This function provides the immunity against that pathogen to the baby for the lifelong.

Why vaccinate your baby?
Here are the details about the functions of the vaccine.
1. BCG vaccine –
Bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG) vaccination is given to make your child immune against Tuberculosis and also prevent TB Meningitis. BCG vaccine is given in one shot only at birth.

2. Hep B
It protects against the disease hepatitis B which is an infection of the liver. The HepB vaccine is given in three doses to the baby in different intervals.

3. OPV
OPV stands for Oral Polio Vaccine (OPV) are given to protect your baby from the polio disease. Your baby will need 4 doses of this vaccine first at the time of birth then rest in the different intervals of time.

4. IPV
IPV is Inactivated Polio Vaccine (IPV) it is also given to protect your baby from polio disease. This vaccine is mandatory for all the children in India. This vaccine contains the wild strain of inactivated poliovirus.

5. DTaP
This vaccine is given to prevent the disease Diphtheria, Tetanus, and Pertussis (DTP). it is also known as a whooping cough, this vaccination is also mandatory. Total 3 doses of this vaccine are required by your baby followed by the booster doses the first will be given at the age of 6 weeks.

6. Rota V
This vaccination provides the shield against the Rotavirus infection which is responsible for causing diarrhea in children. This vaccine is composed of 5 strain of inactivated Rotavirus. Your baby will need 3 doses of this
vaccine among which the first one will be given at the age of 6 weeks.

7. PCV
Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine (PCV) is given to protect the baby against the Pneumococcal infections. The Pneumococcal bacteria is responsible for the pneumonia of the lungs, ear infections, brain meningitis and bacteremia of the blood. Total 4 number of doses are required by the baby. The first one will be given at the age of 6 weeks.

8. HiB
This vaccination is required to create the shield against Haemophilus Influenza type B (HiB). It is a bacterium which is responsible for the infections like Epiglottitis, Meningitis, and Pneumonia HiB is a conjugate vaccine. 3 doses will be required by the baby for the immunization against this bacterium. The first dose will be given at the age of 6  weeks.

9. MMR
This vaccine helps to prevent the disease like Mumps, Measles, and Rubella (MMR) in your baby. The baby will need 3 doses of which the first one will be given at the age of 9 months.

10. Typhoid
This vaccine contains the purified Vi polysaccharide from either TY2 S or typhi strain. It helps to prevent typhoid in your child. 2 doses of this vaccine are required by your child. The first one will be given at the age of 9 to 12 months.

11. Hep A
This vaccine protects against hepatitis A virus and chronic liver infections. The vaccine is given to your child in 3 doses to immunization against Hep A virus. The first one will be given at the age of 12 months.

12. Varicella
This vaccine creates the shield against chickenpox. The vaccine will be given to your baby in 2 doses.

Diabetes During Pregnancy

Diabetes During Pregnancy- garbh sanskar

In this article, you will learn about

What is diabetes during pregnancy and how it affects the pregnancy?

Symptoms of diabetes in pregnancy

Risk of diabetes

Diabetes during Pregnancy

Diabetes is a disorder in which your body can not process the sugar in blood because of the insufficient amount of insulin in it. Diabetes is reported most common complication in the pregnancy with 3.3 % of all live births. Irrespective of your diabetes type your healthcare support team can make sure to have a safe and healthy pregnancy.

Types of diabetes

Type I diabetes – it is an autoimmune disease that requires daily use of insulin. It is often reported in childhood and in young adults.

Type II- it is the most common form of diabetes. 90 to 95% of diabetic patients are of type 2. This type of diabetes is associated with old age, obesity physical inactivity, and family history.

How hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia, can affect pregnancy?

Hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia are the medical conditions when blood sugar level is too low and too high respectively. They both are very common in women who have the history of diabetes.

Symptoms of hypoglycemia

  •    blurred vision
  •    fatigue
  •    the sudden change in mood

Factors that can trigger Hypoglycemia are:

  •    Skipping or delaying your scheduled meals
  •    Eating insufficient meals
  •    Exhaust  yourself physically

Treatment – hypoglycemia can be treated by drinking or eating sweets or anything that contains sugar. You can have orange juice, chocolates.

Hyperglycemia– it is the condition when your body doesn’t have enough insulin in blood or unable to use insulin properly.

Symptoms of hyperglycemia:

  •    You will always feel thirsty
  •    Suddenly lost in weight
  •    Urination often

Factors that can trigger Hyperglycemia are:

  •    Unbalanced and Improper food consumption
  •    Unstable amount of insulin in your body.
  •     Stress can cause hyperglycemia.
  •    Physically inactive

Treatment

hyperglycemia is treated by maintaining your insulin level in your body.

Symptoms of diabetes

Type I diabetes

The symptoms of type 1 diabetes are

  1.    Increased thirst
  2.    Urination
  3.    Weight loss
  4.    Blurred vision
  5.    Fatigue.

Type II diabetes

  1.    Increased thirst
  2.    Slow healing of kidney and bladder infection
  3.    Constant hunger and fatigue.

Risk of diabetes in pregnancy:

Diabetes can affect your baby negatively and harm him. There could be following conditions can arise in the baby when the mother is having diabetes.

The Hypoglycemia – in this condition after the birth baby may develop low blood sugar level due to high insulin level in blood of the baby. Controlling your blood sugar level can help to lower down the risk of hypoglycemia in the baby.

Macrosomia – Under this condition the baby’s size becomes large due to excess insulin passing through the placenta and because of its complication may arise in vaginal delivery with the risk of injury to the baby during the process of birth.

Jaundice – jaundice is the disease in which skin and eye color become yellow and sometimes attributed to diabetes.

This article is for education purpose only it doesn’t provide any medical suggestions.  

Classical symptoms of pregnancy: early pregnancy signs

Early Pregnancy Signs

There is a wide range of variety in early pregnancy signs in women. For some women, these signs appear in 1st week of conception while for others it may take a whole trimester. Pre-menstruation symptoms can also be misunderstood by the pregnancy symptoms.

In this article you will learn about:

• Implantation bleeding prior to menstruation
• Missed menstruation period
• Raised in Temperature
• Fatigue in body
• Change in the Heart rate
• Changes in Breast
• Moodiness
• Frequent urge to urinate
• Morning sickness or nausea
• Enhancement in Smell sensitivity
• Heartburn or acidity
• Change in skin colour.

Implantation bleeding prior to menstruation

It takes 4 weeks for a blastocyst (cell mass created by fertilized eggs) to implant in the endometrium (it is the lining uterus). This joining causes the mild bleeding which is usually around the time of menstruation and called implantation bleeding. Later on, this blastocyst develops into baby’s organs and complete body part.

Implantation bleeding is different from normal regular period bleeding by following ways:

i. Colour- the colour of blood varied from light pink to brown.
ii. Bleeding – the bleeding is generally seen as spotting.
iii. Pain – pain is mild no crumps will be observed generally, but in
some cases, severe pain is been observed.
iv. Duration: it only lasts for 3 to 4 days.

Missed menstruation period

This is very prominent sign that you are pregnant. You will miss your menstruation period 4 weeks after the conception. Once implantation is been performed your body will start releasing pregnancy hormone which is hCG (human chorionic gonadotropin). This hormone is responsible for maintaining your pregnancy and it also makes sure you don’t get on your period for next 9 months.

Raised in Temperature

At the time of early pregnancy, your basal body temperature will be high. You will need to drink plenty of water at this time to keep your body healthy. It is also recommended that do exercise causally only.

Fatigue during early pregnancy

Blame the progesterone hormone for it. It is the very common symptom of early pregnancy. You will feel sleepy all the time. It is recommended to get enough sleep and keep your room cool as your body temperature is already high.

Change in Heart Rate

Around 56 days to 72 days your heart rate will be high and it will begin to pump blood harder and faster. It is very common in pregnancy but if you are underlying some heart problem do inform your doctor. Your expert will come up with some medicines which help you to survive.

Changes in the breast

Pregnancy brings changes to the breast of the mother. Your breast becomes swollen and tender. It is likely to happen that colour of your breast may also change. All this happens due to the hormonal changes in the body. The areola may become darker and grow larger to serve the baby at best.

Moodiness

In pregnancy, you become more emotional or reactive. This change in mood is the result of increasing level of estrogen and
progesterone. Pregnant women feel anxiety, depression, irritability (trust me it’s very easy to irritate pregnant women). Once she is laughing and in the next moment, you may find her crying. Mood swing is very common phenomena of pregnancy.

Frequent Urge to Urinate

During the pregnancy, the heart rate is increased which result in more blood flow to the body. This high flow of blood causes the kidney to process (or filter) more fluid than usual, which causes more fluid to be filled in your bladder. This is the principal reason which is responsible for your frequent visit to the bathroom.

Morning Sickness or Nausea

Nausea is very common in pregnancy. It is the result of the change in concentration of the hormone called estrogen. Increase in estrogen hormone causes the nausea sensation. Nausea can occur anytime in day or night. To keep yourself healthy drink plenty of water.

Enhancement of Smell Sensitivity

Yes, you will discover the supernatural power of smell. Many pregnant women had reported that their sensitivity towards the smell had increase magically in the first trimester. There is no scientific evidence supporting this statement. This is the reason to be believed to trigger nausea in pregnant women.

Heartburn during early pregnancy

Pregnancy hormones result in the valve between the oesophagus and stomach to relax which leads to the leakage of stomach acid and causes heartburn. In order to avoid this situation eat several small meals in a day and drink plenty of water.

Skin Changes during the Pregnancy

You may often hear the term pregnancy glow. Increased blood pressure push more blood to the skin which results in the skin glow and gives you glossy appearance, but it also causes oil glands to do over time which may result in acne problem.